August 12 is World Elephant Day, a day in which we honor and reflect upon the grandeur and plight of Asian and African Elephants.
The largest and among the most intelligent land animal on earth, there are todaytwo species of elephants: the larger African elephant, and the smaller Asian elephant. Elephants and their ancestors once roamed across the globe, buttoday, wild populations are confined to decreasing areas of land in Africa and Asia.
The biggest threat to elephants is poaching, and with ivory exceeding the price of gold, African elephants are now listed by the IUCN Red List as Vulnerable, and Asian as Endangered. Other threats to elephants include habitat loss, human encroachment and conflict, and illegal capturefor the tourism industry.
Elephants have a tremendous cultural and religious significance in Vietnam. Historically elephants graced the Royal Courts and were revered by Vietnam’s ethnic minorities. In later times elephants played a crucial transportation role in times of war. Elephant become the cultural symbol of local people in hight land center
Today there are fewer than 100 wild elephants and about 60 domestic elephents in Vietnam, putting elephants at critical risk of extinction in the country. To combat this threat , the government of Vietnam developed The Emergency Action Plan for Conservation Elephant,which allows for the creation of elephant protection areas in Dak Lak, Dong Nai and Nghe An provinces; the three areas with the largest populations of elephants. The National Elephant Action Plan also includes provisions for education and awareness and will attempt to mobilize the support of the Vietnamese people; To prevent human encroachment on the habitat of vild elephants and poaching; strengthen enforcement trade and transport ivory and other component of elephant; To conservate populatoin domestic elephants in Dak Lak province, small group in the areas except Dak Lak, Dong Nai and Nghe An provinces and minimise afect from human elefant conflict (HEC).
Under The Emergency Action Plan for Conservation Elephant there were many activities for elephant conservation in Vietnam such as estalished The elephant conservatin center in Dak Lak, building electric fence in Don Nai, organizedElephant Conservation Week from August 3-6, 2016 in Quang Nam.
The Secreteriat of Hanoi Conference on Illegal Wildlife Trade.